Category Archives: Exercise 1.4 – Frame

The category containing all posts for part exercise 1.4.

Exercise 1.4 Frame


Take a number of photographs, composing each shot using a single section of the viewfinder grid. Don’t worry about the rest of the frame. Use any combination of grid section, subject and viewpoint you choose.

Select six to eight images that you feel work not individually and as a series. Then present them as a single composite image.

The Exercise

I started this exercise by going to Epping Forest. I decided to go for a long walk and take photographs of fallen trees/branches.

I started by taking some photographs at different focal lengths and orientation. However, as this exercise appeared to be about composition I decided to try and keep the same/similar focal length, whilst the camera was on Automatic Mode. I concentrated on framing my subject within the ‘Rule of Thirds’. The only thing I really changed was the distance I stood to the subject matter I was photographing.

Single Composite Image

Although the brief is to make a composite image using six to eight images, I decided to use nine in mine. The reason for this was that when I was trying to put the images together, I couldn’t find six to sit together that I was happy with. By adding the central image I felt it broke up all the green, bringing out the highlights in the surrounding images allowing them to sit as one, but also strengthening their individuality.


Breakdown of Images

In this frame I chose to photograph some Ivy. I stood fairly close to the ivy to ensure a shallow depth of field enabling the ivy to stand out. I positioned myself so that the Ivy followed the ‘Rule of Thirds’ and using the right, top and left third of the frame.

Upon reviewing the image, I feel that the overall composition could be improved. Normally I would have walked around the ivy to choose the angle to take the photograph from. However, I felt it went against the point of the exercise if I did this.

1/40 sec, f 3.2, 50mm ISO 64

For the second image I chose to photograph a branch that had come down in a storm and was left to decay. I positioned the the branch in the bottom third of the frame, without looking at the background.

When reviewing the image the stump in the background sits nicely above the curve in the branch, creating a frame around it with the trees on either side. I was surprised to see this because I only concentrated on not clipping the branch in the foreground.

Overall I think this image has a well balanced composition.

1/125 sec, f 5.6, 52mm, ISO 64

I used the same principle as the first image on this one. I feel that the composition is better due to the lean on the trees in the background.

1/60 sec, f 4.0, 52mm, ISO 64

I used the left third of the frame for this image. The composition of the overall image has come out well. The path and the tree both running parallel creates a leading line going off into the trees, taking your eye into the image.

1/50 sec, f 3.5, 50mm, ISO 64

I found this rotting stump in the lake and tried to frame it in the first two thirds of the bottom of the frame. When reviewing the image I like the composition with the negative space above it. You can make out the people in the background feeding the birds, but due to the aperture the camera chose they are nicely blurred and don’t immediately distract from the stump.

1/60 sec, f 4.0, 52mm, ISO 64

My focal point in this image is on the tree stump and not the actual tree trunk.

If I had looked at the whole frame,most likely I would have changed my focal length or stood a little further back to ensure the pile of cut branches where fully in the frame rather then being clipped.

1/80 sec, f 4.5, 50mm ISO 64

I focused on the bush and tree on this using an ‘L’ shape using the rule of thirds. The tree has come out well and you can see the detail within the tree trunk. I also like the tree in the background which is quite gnarled

1/60 sec, f 4.0, 50mm, ISO 64

I positioned the branch in the bottom third of the frame in this photograph.

I don’t feel this is as strong as the photographs. I feel that the green background is distracting from the main focal point, but doesn’t completely dominate so that you don’t notice it.

1/60 sec, f 4.0, 52mm, ISO 64

The one thing I find distracting about this image is that the horizon doesn’t look vertical. This is because the background is an island in the lake, which is just starting to curve round at the edge.

1/80 sec, f 4.5, 52mm, ISO 64


I concentrated on framing my subject within the ‘Rule of Thirds’. Upon review of the photographs I noticed that although I only concentrated on one section of the composition, the rest of the frame naturally came together. They were all balanced to some degree. Some of the images fell within the ‘Rule of Thirds’, whereas others fell within the ‘Golden Ratio’. Many of the images ended up with leading lines or negative space leaving room for movement. A good example of the negative space is the image above of the two horse riders.

This led me to wonder; was I unconsciously taking in the rest of the frame without realizing it?

Contact Sheet

Exercise 1.4 Composite Image Attempts

Use between six to eight photographs to make a composite image from the photographs taken.

I don’t feel that this composition works. I tried to create a diagonals using water and fallen down trees in various state of rot.

Maybe worth trying to swap image one and four…

The third and sixth images don’t work for me. There isn’t a balance in the colours.

I swapped images one and four round. this shows various stages of decay from the start to end

I added in the images with the paths and ordered them closest to furthest away.

I don’t feel like these images sit so well within the composite image. The last image is looking directly down the path. I would have preferred an image of the path at an angle. My composition in the last one was the two trees sat in the thirds on each side of the frame.

I’ve changed the images of people to various angles of fallen trees/branches.

Maybe change image three and four around. The branches and tree stumps will then be diagonal to each other.

Not sure if there’s not enough variety to hold attention.

Not sure there’s enough variety for me. I would have to bring the temperature down slightly on the last image, as this was taken later in the day when there was a more golden light.

Although there’s not quite enough variety I do like this composite image. I think the images sit well together and compliment each other.

The only image that maybe worth changing is the second image to one of a branch.

Back to the water images again in an attempt to get a bit more variety.

Changed branches for water.

Diagonals of water and diagonals of branches/trees.

Top left doesn’t sit well due to colouring. Too much sky when sitting with the other, which dominates.

As I was struggling to get six images to sit together I decided to try nine, even though this is one more than the brief has asked for.

The idea is to frame the middle picture and use this to try and tie the images together with the highlights bringing in the highlights in the other images.

I think maybe the varying amounts of sky in the images could be effecting the way I view the images.

Seems to take your eye to the center image and then your eye moves around the outside images

I swapped images four and seven around so that the main line is on the outside of the composite image rather than on the inside.

Following a chat with a friend, it was suggested that images two and eight should be swapped around as the sky in image 8 is getting lost/merging into the water on the central image.

Image two and eight changed over. Agree that the composite image is more balanced now with the sky at the top and mirrors the water.

Idea of the composition is the four corners are upright with a straight edge creating corner frames.

Still not sure if the middle image over dominates…

Overall I feel that this composite image works better than the other ones that I have tried. I feel it is more balanced and the colouring now compliments each other.

I decided to put an even gap around each image to break the composite image up a little. I feel its a little more restful on the eye.